The war years are usually referred to as the "five lean years" in cultural contexts in Sweden. There was a lively protest in some cultural circles that the navy had occupied Liljevalch's premises so that no exhibitions were possible. When the German artists Käthe Kollwitz and Ernst Barlach were honoured with a memorial exhibition in 1949, it was a long-awaited event. Both artists' works were counted in Nazi Germany as entartete Kunst and both died during the war. This was one of many exhibitions around Europe after the end of the war that were arranged to pay tribute to the artists placed with professional bans by the Nazis.